World History Chapter 3 Review

World History Chapter 3 Review

Homer
Greek poet who wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey.
Zeus
“King of gods and man”
Athena
“Goddess of wisdom”
Helots
Dorian slaves
Solon
Helped Athens take a step toward democracy
Darius I
King of the Persians during Marathon battle
Xerxes
Son of Darius, king of the Persians during the Battle of Thermopylae
Pericles
Was the influential leader of Athens for over thirty years, he called Athens the ‘school of Greece’
Philip II
United Macedonia under his rule and extended his kingdom into Greece
Alexander the Great
Avenged the Persian invasion and became the king of Asia
Darius III
King of Persians during Alexander the Great’s conquests
Thales
Father of Philisophy
Socrates
Lived in Athens during her Golden Age, had the motto ‘Know thyself’
Plato
Wrote the Republic
Aristotle
Came to Athens from Northern Greece, developed the syllogism, was the tutor of Alexander the Great
Zeno
The founder of Stoicism
Pythagoras
Philosopher and mathematician of the sixth century BC, created the Pythagorean Theorem
Hippocrates
Father of Medicine
Euclid
Father of Geometry
Eratosthenes
Determined the circumference of the globe with amazing accuracy
Herodotus
Father of History
Thucydides
Wrote the History of the Peloponnesian War
Sophocles
Writer of tragedy
Aristophanes
Writer of comedy