World History- Chapter 4: Ancient Greece
central focus of Greek life; city-state
rule by a few; type of government in Sparta.
Greek playwright who wrote Oedipus Rex
Greek historian who wrote History of the Persian Wars.
Iliad and Odysses
epics poems written by blind poet Homer.
responsible for laying the foundation of Athenian democracy.
Where Spartan troops were especially brave even though the Greek army was vastly outnumbered.
According to this philosopher, individuals could not achieve a good life unless they lived in a just and rational state.
Wanted revenge against the Greeks when the Greeks had supported an uprising in colonies under Persian control.
Sold their services as professional teachers.
Who said, “the unexamined life is not worth living”?
Where the Greeks gods lived according to Greek religion.
Considered by many historians to be the greatest historian of the ancient world.
Alexander the Great
His conquests caused language, art, architecture, and literature to spread throughout Southeast Asia.
Mountains and seacoast
What physical features most influenced Greek history?
Island were the Minoan civilization emerged.
Early Greek people who most probably invaded and destroyed the Minoan civilization.
the Aeolians and Dorians
Two major groups settled within Greece itself.
Abandoned their city.
What did the Athenians do after losing the Battle of Thermopylae?
What fraction of Greece is covered by mountains?
Home to Alexander the Great.
Battle where the Athenian navy was able to destroy a third of the Persian fleet in 479 B.C.
Main Olympic god.
used for religious festivals and as a fortress; sits atop a hill.
Persian monarch at the Battle of Marathon.
shoulder to shoulder formation of hoplites
Greek rulers who seized power by force from the aristocracy.
regarded as the greatest example of a Greek temple.
the father of Alexander the Great.
the western shores of Asia Minor where many Greeks settled
teaching approach using question/answer
sacred shrine where priests revealed the future.
Athenian defensive alliance.
Athenian vote of banishment.
starting point of Pheidippides’ 26-mile run.
Age of Pericles
height of Athenian power and brillance
Greek capital of Egypt.
Corrupting the youth
What crime was Socrates charged with?
highly self disciplined
patron goddess of Athens
striving for excellence
bronze-using peoples who lived on Crete
elected members of Sparta’s oligarchy
heavily armed foot soldiers
important because of his work on the geometry of spheres and cylinders; also for establishing the value of pi
gave the world the phonetic alphabet; were excellent shipbuilders.
took over after the Mycenaean.
sturdy ships with battering ram in front for battle.
Causes/Results of the Peloponnesian War 431-404 B.C.
Causes/Results of Persian Wars 499-479 B.C.