World History: Chapter 4 Ancient India (part 4)

The inhabitants of Harappan society enjoyed a rich diet composed of
Wheat, barley, chicken, cattle, sheep, and goats
Standardization found in Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro suggest that
There might have been a central authority powerful enough to reach all corners of society
Sharp social distinctions in Harappan society can be illustrated by the people’s
Houses, ovens, and wells
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Harappan religion reflected a strong concern for fertility. We know this because:
The similarities between Harappan deities and Hindu fertility deities
By 1700 B.C., the residents of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro began to abandon their cities because of
Deforestation of the Indus River Valley brought about ecological degradation
Period of Indian history from 1500-500 B.C. is called the
Vedic age
The Indian caste system
Was a central institution that served to promote social stability
One of the hymns of the Rig Veda said the origins of the four varnas. It was said that
The four castes emanated from four parts of Purusha when gods sacrificed him
According to the teachings of the Upanishads, the highest goal of the individual soul was
To attain the state of moksha
The Upanishads taught that you should _____ all living things, and you should
Respect, observe high ethical standards
The Aryans referred to social classes by the term
Varna
Most of our information about the early Aryans comes from the
Vedas
Much of early Harappan history remains a mystery because
The archaeological remains are underwater
Based on archaeological evidence from early Indian history, historians believe that
Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro served as economic and political centers
The biggest military advantage of the Indo-Europeans was
Their horses
The task of butchering animals or handling dead bodies usually fell to the
Untouchables
A jati is
A sub-caste
Mohenjo-daro was
One of the two main cities of the Harappan society
The Indo-Europeans who entered India called themselves Aryans, which means
“Noble people”
Evidence relating to trade indicates that Harappan India
Traded with Mesopotamia and Egypt
One of the biggest reasons for the decline of the Harappan society was
Ecological degradation
Which statement about Harappan society is false?
Their writings have provided a wealth of information for historians
The chief god of the early Aryans was
Indra
In Hinduism the highest goal of the individual soul was
To escape the cycle of birth and rebirth and enter into permanent union with Brahman
Which of the following answers reflects the early varna hierarchy from highest to lowest?
Brahmins, kshatriyas, vaishyas, shudras
This passage from the Upanishads explains what Hindu concept? “According as a man acts and walks in the path of life, so he becomes. He that does good becomes good; he that does evil becomes evil.”
Karma
The Aryans came into India
In a centuries-long migration
The Aryans were
Indo-Europeans
Which of the following statements about the Aryans is not true?
They brought the first written language to India
The first century B.C. work that dealt with moral behavior and social relationships was the
Lawbook of Manu

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