World History Chapter 9

World History Chapter 9

ordeal
a physical trial to determine whether a person is guilty or innocent
bishopric
a group of parishes headed by a bishop (a leader in the church)
pope
the bishop of Rome and leader of the Roman Catholic church
monk
a man who separates himself from ordinary society to dedicate himself to God
monasticism
the practice of living the life of a monk
missionary
a person who is sent out to carry a religious message to people of a different religion
nun
a woman who separates herself from ordinary society to dedicate herself to God
abbess
the head nun over a convent
feudalism
the political, social, and economic system of the middle ages based on personal agreements between lords and vassals
vassal
a man who served a lord in a military capacity
knight
armored soldiers who ride on horses and formed the backbone of the European aristocracy
fief
a gift of land given to a vassal by his lord
feudal contract
a set of unwritten rules that determined the relationship between a lord and his vassal
tournament
a contest where knights could demonstrate and practice their fighting skills
chivalry
the code of ethics that knights were expected to uphold and follow
common law
law that was common to the whole kingdom
parliament
representative legislative body, usually in addition to a monarch
estate
a social class in France. There were 3 estates
patriarch
the head of the Eastern Orthodox Church
schism
a separation between two groups of people caused by differences of opinion or belief
crusade
a military expedition during the Middle Ages intended to regain the “Holy Land” (Israel) from the Muslims
infidel
A term used by people of one religion to describe “an unbeliever”