World history people Review list

World history people Review list

Abraham
founder of judaism
Moses
led Jews out of Egypt in the exodus
Gautama
founder of buddhism
Jesus of Nazareth
founder of christainity- according to christians he’s the messiah
Allah
Islamic name for god
Muhammad
founder of islam
Michelandgelo
Renaissance artist- painted Sistien chapel and sculpted la Pieta and David
Erasmus
most famous christian humanist
shakespeare
renaissance playwright and writer of sonnets
Turks
Muslims from Asia Minot-defeated constantinople- renamed it istanbul- traded coffe and ceramics-spread islam to middle east, north Africa, and balkan peninsula
Leonardo da vinci
Renaissance artist- painted Mona Lisa and the Last Supper
Pope
head of the roman catholic church
Johannes Gutenberg
invented the printing press, helped Renaissance ideas spread
Martin luther
first to ever brake away from the catholic church
john calvin
God predestines certain people go to heaven
jesuits
catholic order that proselytized for all over the world for catholic church
Elizabeth 1
combined catholic and protestant to come up with anglican church
Henry Vlll
broke away from the catholic church because of divorce
Prince Henry
Portugal- brought people together to study naviation
Columbus
wanted to sail west around the world to get to asia
Magellan
his crew was first to circumnavigate the globe
Drake
first englishman to sail around the globe
Cortez
spanish conquistador- conquered Aztecs
Pizarro
spanish conquistador- conquered Incas
Cartier
French explorer-claimed Canada for France
Da Gama
Portuguese-first to find water route to Asia
Mughals
Muslims-ruled India-built Taj Mahal
Ottomans
Muslims-Asia Minor-coffee and ceramics
Songhai
Africans-traded salt and gold
Japanese
kicked out foreigners and become isolationists
Chinese
set up trading enclaves for foreigner and became isolationists
Aztecs
Native American civilization- Yucatan-famous for pyramids
Incas
Native American civilization-peru-Andes Mts.-roads & bridges
Mayans
Native American civilization-mexico-corn
Louis XlV
Absolute ruler of France-brought a great culture to france- also caused problems by doing away with the edict of nantes-built Versailles-SUN KING
Frederick the Great
absolute ruler of Prussia
Peter the Great
an absolute ruler of Russia- he wanted to westernize Russia
Copernicus
Polish- heliocentric theory- feared the church
Kepler
German-used math to prove that earth goes around the sun in an ellipse
Gallileo
Italian-telescope to prove copernicus
Harvey
English- blood circulates through the body
Newton
English-Developed calculus and the laws of gravity
Montesquieu
French-wrote “spirit of the Laws”- believed in separation of power
Mozart
Austrian- great composer- began composing at age 5
Voltaire
French-believed in freedom of speech- separation of church and state
Rousseau
French-“Social Contract-gov’t is only is only a contract and not that necessary
Hobbes
used natural law to say that people need an absolute monarch because they are naturally bad-wrote Leviathan
Locke
English-used natural law- “Two Treatises on Gov’t”- man has rights and is generally good-gov’t is protect our rights- influenced Jefferson
Jefferson
American-wrote Declaration of independence
Bach
second great composer of enlightenment
Delacroix
Spanish-novelist-wrote Don Quixote
Cervantes
French-painted Liberty Leading the People and nature scenes
William and Mary
Rulers of England after Glorious Revolution- had less power than Patliament
Napoleon
dictator of France- conquers Europe- spreads code of laws
Metternich
Austrian Prince-Congress of Vienna-Balance of power-kings in power
Charles l
king of England-wants to be absolute-executed after civil war
Cromwell
Puritan-led english Civil war-then became dictator
Third estate
french poor and middle class-begin revolution at bastile
Louis XVl
French absolute rule- executed in reign of terror
Toussaint L ‘Ouverture
led slave revolt in haiti-inspired by the french Rev.
Bolivar
led revolutions all over Latin America
Cavour
advisor to king of Sardinia-united N. Italy
Garibaldi
Guerrilla warfare-united S. Italy with N.Italy
Bismarck
realpolitik-“blood and iron”- Prussian who created Germany
Whitney
cotton gin- clean cotton faster-need for slaves grows
Watt
steam engine- work now done by machines instead of human power
Bessemer
invented steel. now machines could be made stronger and resistant to fire
Smith
capitalism and laissez-farie-wealth of nations-profits make people work
Jenner
made world’s first vaccination-small pox
Pasteur
discovered germs/bacteria
Cmdr.Perry
used US navy to get japan to open up to trade
Karl Marx
Socialism- Communist Manifesto-proletariat to rise up and revolt
Archduke Fredinand
prince of Austria-Hungary-assassinated-spark for WWl
Tsar Nicholas ll
Ruler of Russia in early 1900’s-incompetent-overthrown
Bolsheviks
radical socialists led by Lenin
Woodrow Wilson
US president WWl
Hitler
totalitarian leader of germany
Mussolini
totalitarian leader of Italy
Stalin
totalitarian leader of the soviet union
Tojo
totalitarian leader of Japan
FDR
US president during WWll and at Yalta
Truman
Dropped atomic bomb on japan-said US will lead fight against communism
MacArthur
US General-Pacific troops-rebuilt japan-fought Korean war
Marshall
had plan to rebuild Western europe after WWll-13 billion
Eisenhower
US general- in charge of D-day – became US president
Churchill
British prime minister-hated appeasement – at Yalta
Ronald Reagan
Helped end the cold war by building up US military
Milkhail Gorbachev
helped end cold war by letting his people see the west
Fidel Castro
communist dictator of Cuba- allowed USSR to put missiles there
Mao
led communists in china
Chiang
led communists in Vietnam
Ho Chi Minh
led nationalists in china-fled to Taiwan after to Taiwan after losing
Gandhi
led passive resistance against British in india
Kenyatta
led fight against British for independence of his country
Lenin
Russian socialist . wanted to spread socialism all over the world.led the Bolsheviks. took over Russian gov’t in a coup d’etat.