World History Since 1500

World History Since 1500

What impact did the Industrial Revolution have on European and US imperialism in the 19th century
steam ships, Suez canal, submarine telegraph cables, quinine, the battle of Omdurman. mass production and mechanization.
Why were steamships so important to global development, trade, and globalization?
imperialism. first steamer 1838 Atlantic. the annihilation of space and time. further exploration.
Name some of the the 18th and 19th centuries’ most important scientific inventions and explain why.
the telegraph, the steam engine, the airplane.
Describe the impact of European colonization on indigenous peoples in the Americas from 1500 – 1900.
Disease
When and why were there revolutions in the American colonies?
American colonies 1775 – 1783, no taxation without representation, local autonomy, Boston tea party, stamp act, Boston massacre.
When and Why was there a revolution in France?
French 1789 – 1815, increasing poverty, let them eat cake, filled with prostitutes and abandoned children, France already in debt thanks to the Austrian succession went into bankruptcy thanks to supporting the American revolution. 1/3 of Parisian work force without jobs. King declared the arresting of representatives. Directly influenced by enlightenment ideals.
Haitian revolution
1789 – 1814, gens de couleur, horrible treatment of over 500,000 slaves with little than 20,000 whites and maybe 60,000 gens de couleur. slave rebellion
How did the Spanish colonize Latin America? What were some of the institutions they set up?
Glory, God, and Gold. Through the usage of steal weapons by conquistadors and smallpox. Catholic monasteries and eventually universities, government buildings.
The rise of the Safavid empire
1501 – 1722. Controlled most of the middle east stretching into Turkey. the nation was of mixed ancestry and thanks to modernizing their military they were able to conquer faster. The revival of a Persian empire in-between the east and west. Control through religion Shi’a Islam. Architectural innovations and appreciated the arts.
The rise of the Ottoman empire
1299 – 1922. Covered large areas of land controlling much of southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa. Multilingual and multicultural. Jews, Muslims, and Christians.
the rise of the Russian empire
1500s – 1917. Covered land from Eastern Europe all the way to Alaska in the pacific. At first Islamic but eventually fell under Western Civilization practices thanks to Peter the Great. Once St.Petersburg was made Russia was viewed upon across the “civilized” world as a global power by The Europeans all the way to the Chinese in eastern Asia.
Explain How the system of slavery began in the Americas. When did it begin, and which crops accelerated it?
It began in 1440. The Atlantic Economy. Middle Passage. Indigo, Sugarcane, Cotton, and tobacco.
Why were Southeast Asia and PAcific islands viewed as important by Europeans and US imperialists in the 19th and early 20th centuries?
China was being crippled by events such as the opium war which was making a huge profit for the british. Japan was growing at an alarming rate and eventually became a world power. Southeastern islands were great for stoping to refuel massive ships.