World History Study Guide for Final

Hammurabi
King of Bablon, gathered the coed of laws, “eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth”
Zoroaster
founder of the Persian religion, believed in god of good/evil and that your actions showed to which you belonged
Socrates
Greek Philosopher, on trial for questioning the existence of god
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Plato
was taught by Socrates, taught Aristotle, Greek philosopher, mathematician, started “The Acedemy”
Alexander the Great
Ruler of Macedonia, counquered the world as he knew it, taught by Aristotle
Caesar
dictator of Rome after the 1st triumvirate failed, senator and military leader, assasinated by his best friend
Augustus
adopted son of Caesar, Emeror of the Roman Empire, otherwise known as Octavian
Leonardo Da Vinci
Italian painter, engineer, mathematician
Michelangelo
Italian painter, sculptor
Raphael
Italian painter
Machiavelli
philosopher, politician, wrote the book “THE PRINCE” playwrite, poet, musician,
vassals
ROLE OF ________(s): to give military service, and be loyal and serve their lord (get fief)
plebians
ROLE OF ________(s): merchants and farmers in Rome (poor)
patricians
ROLE OF ________(s): land owners. had 90% of power, held govt (rich)
serfs
ROLE OF ________(s): bound to the land, did all the work (farmed)
Aristotle
philosopher, student of Plato, taught Alexender the Great
prehistory
before written records, before writing
neolithic revolution
the _________ ___________ is when people went from being HUNTERS AND GATHERERS to FARMERS AND HERDERS (FOOD PRODUCERS)
river valley civilizations
the _____ _______ ______________ was EGYPT and MACEDONIA. people built towns along a river (irrigation)
sparta
military city-state, totalitarian, disliked CHANGE, bad to think,
athens
city-state w. strong navy, center of art and literature, 1st democracy
punic wars
the _______ _____ were between Rome and Carthage for control of the Meditteranean
roman republic
democracy started in Rome is the “_____ _______”
German invasions
barbarians (franks) were one of the causes of the Fall of the Roman empire. they took over
feudalism
govt. based on land ownership
black plague
disease which wiped out a HALF or A THIRD of Europe. Caused by rats with infected fleas
middle ages
the period of history between the fall of the Roman Empire, around 500 A.D., to the birth of the Rennaissance, about 1450 A.D.
renaissance
the period of European history at the close of the Middle Ages and the rise of the modern world, the period of European history at the close of the Middle Ages and the rise of the modern world.
mesopotamia
river valley civilization
lower egypt
Nile delta, and upstream
upper egypt
to the south of the delta
pax romana
peace that Augustus brought to Rome
ziggurat
Mesopotamian temple
monotheism
belief in one god
polytheism
belief in many gods
theocracy
govt. controlled by religiuos leaders
mummification
the preservation dead bodies
Canaan
holy land, palestine at the time
exodus
moeses led ppl. out of Egypt
Zeus
king of gods
christianity
spread of ______________: based on jesus
islamic
____(ic) religion : allah, muslims believe in it, word means SUBMISSION, Mohammed (founder)
pillars of faith
5 duties that muslims must follow
book of the dead
egyptians; boko that described how to have an after life and included spells
specialization
developement of occupations
domestication
taming of animals
irrigation
artificial watering of crops
delian league
alliance of city states led by athens
peninsula
land surrounded on 3 sides by water
barter
______ system: trade goods not $
gladitorial games
where people fight for public entertainment
empire
lands ruled by one
democracy
people choose their leaders
aqueduct
canal to carry water (greek)
hieroglyphics
egyptian drawings to explain events
monarchy
kings/queens rule
market economy
______ _________ : economy based on exchanging goods/services with producers and consumers
olympic games
ancient Greek festival including contests of sports, music, and literature; made to honor Zeus – king of gods
cuneiform
a system of writing used in ancient Mesootamia, in which wedge-shaped characters were produced b pressing a stylus into a soft clay tablet, which was then baked or otherwise hardened

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