World Religions Chapter 9

World Religions Chapter 9

The title Christ literally means the
Anointed one
Who emerged as the leader of the reform movement in the sixteenth century?
Martin Luther
In Christianity a sacred rite that is thought capable of transmitting the mystery of Christ to worshippers is known as a
sacrament
What is the central sacrament in most forms of Christianity?
Holy Eucharist or Holy Communion; believers are renewed in the mystical body of Christ by partaking of bread and wine, understood as his body and blood
What are some current areas of interest and study in Christian feminist theology
Female role models in the Bible, God when thought of as “Mother,” strong female leadership in the church
The ecclesiastical court set up to investigate and suppress heresy was known as the
Inquisition
The belief that the bread and wine used in the rite of the Eucharist mysteriously transform into the body and blood of Christ is known as
transubstantiation
Christians who focus on emotional spiritual experiences such as speaking in tongues are called
charismatics
While the gospels state that Jesus was born in Bethlehem, some scholars believe that he was born in
Nazareth
Christian beliefs such as the inerrancy of the Bible and the literal virgin birth of Mary are features of
fundamentalism
All Christian Bibles contain a section of twenty-seven books known as what?
The New Testament
The first four books of the New Testament are called what?
The Gospels
What is the central teaching of Jesus?
Love
Jesus taught primarily through the use of what method?
Parables
According to the Book of Acts, this event involving the sound of a whirling wind, tongues of fire, and speaking in foreign languages, and galvanized the Christian movement into action, was called?
Pentecost
Who, after persecuting Christians, converted and became one of Christianity’s early proponents and writers?
Apostle Paul
In the history of Christianity, the year 1054 is important because it was the year that what happened?
The western and eastern orthodox churches excommunicated each other
A major seat of Protestantism developed in Geneva under which reformer?
John Calvin
Reforms within the Roman Catholic Church during the era of the Protestant Reformation were expressed principally in what council?
Council of Trent
What is the name for the Christian celebration of Jesus’ resurrection?
Easter
What is the Communist Christian movement advocating concrete political action to help the poor called?
Liberation theology
What do Evangelicals focus their Christianity upon?
Being “born again” 1. Biblicism ( a particular and constant regard for the Bible) 2. Crucicentrism ( a stress in the atoning sacrifice of Jesus on the Cross) 3. Conversionism ( conviction that lives need to be changed) 4. Activism ( the expression of the gospels in effort)
What Christian denomination is a spirit-oriented movement?
Pentecostal Christians
What is Archbishop Desmond Tutu best known for?
Fighting apartheid; advocating truth and justice for the oppressed
What event signaled the coming of the Holy Spirit to the early church?
Pentecost
At the end of which century was the Christian faith claimed by a majority of people in the Roman Empire?
Fifth
What is the name of the Christian celebration of Jesus’ birth?
Christmas
How many years did Jesus teach?
3
Which religion has more followers than any other?
Christianity
How old was Jesus when he came to John to be baptized?
30
What is the name of the Gospel not included in the Christian Bible?
Gospel of Thomas
Is there substantial historical evidence concerning the life of Jesus?
No
Did Paul insist that all male converts to Christianity be circumcised?
No, it’s not necessary
The phenomenon that took place when Christ, praying on the mountain, was irradiated with light and God spoke from the heavens
transfiguration
Did the Anglican Church break away from the Easter Orthodox Church?
No
What language did the Second Vatican Council decide that services should be held in?
Local languages
Where are the majority of the world’s Christians today found?
North America and South America